Wednesday, February 3, 2010

Sun protection

Understanding the measurements of UVA protection in sunscreens and the PA ranking system.

What does the "PA" ranking on a sunscreen label mean?

All sunscreen labels list a sun protection factor (SPF). SPF is a measurement of how much protection the sunscreen offers from the UVB rays that cause sunburn. Now there is a new rating The Japanese PA system ranges from PA+ to PA+++, with the + sign indicating increased UVA protection. Looks for asunscreen labels that also list a "PA" ranking, which refers to the amount of protection the sunscreen offers from the UVA rays that may cause long-term skin damage. PA rankings are listed as PA+, PA++ or PA+++.
The more +'s, the more protection from UVA rays. For maximum protection from both UVA and UVB rays, choose a broad-spectrum sunscreen that contains avobenzone, oxybenzone, mexoryl, zinc oxide or titanium dioxide. Apply sunscreen liberally at least20 minutes before going outdoors and reapply every two hours.

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